Cancer that develops in a testicle is called testicular cancer. The term “cancer” refers to a condition in which the regulation of cell growth is lost and cells grow uncontrollably. Most cells in the body are constantly dividing, maturing and then dying in a tightly controlled process. Unlike normal cells, the growth of cancer cells is no longer well regulated. Instead of dying, as they should, cancer cells outlive normal cells and continue to form new, abnormal cells. Often, only one testicle is affected and testicular cancer is more commonly found in the right testicle than the left testicle. If left untreated it may spread throughout the body
It mainly occurs in men aged 18 to 35, but can occur any time after the age of 15. Certain types of testicular cancer may occur in younger children or older men. The disease traditionally strikes wealthy white men the hardest, but in New Zealand Maori men and those from lower socio-economic groups have higher rates
WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF TESTICULAR CANCER?
Males who may be at risk of testicular cancer include those with:
Uncorrected, undescended testicles as an infant or young child
A family history of testicular cancer
An identical twin with testicular cancer
Have had certain viral infections such as mumps
Testicular cancer may cause a variety of signs and symptoms, but may also have no symptoms. Symptoms that men should watch for include:
If you suffer from any of the symptoms listed you should see your doctor.